Advanced Manufacturing Standards and Skills

Standards are critical areas of competency aligned to industry identified needs and Industry Recognized Credentials (IRCs) that will support student success in the field. Standards provide the structure that empowers the teacher to choose the best curriculum and instructional approaches to guide skill and knowledge development for students. The standards below are cross-walked with the Essential Industry Credentials.

Health & Safety Standards

Standard 1: Advanced Manufacturing Facility Safety and Health Fundamentals

Standard 1: Advanced Manufacturing Facility Safety and Health Fundamentals

Students will demonstrate health and safety standard practices in a shop environment, including the management and maintenance of machines and tools, and use of personal protective equipment (PPE), and personal safety practices.

OSHA

MACWIC Level 1

NIMS Machining Level

Skills:
  1. Demonstrate safe use and management of hand tools, power tools, and ladders to meet OSHA requirements.
  2. Select and use personal protective equipment in compliance with current industry and OSHA standards.
  3. Manage and provide routine maintenance for equipment and machinery, keep a written log of service and recommendations for repair.
  4. Identify and define hazard communications including emergency codes and symbols, classification and labeling of chemicals, safety data sheets (SDS), and other forms of warning.
  5. Demonstrate safe storage, transfer, use, and disposal of hazardous materials (HAZMAT).
  6. Apply all facility procedural concepts to prevent errors and injury through a safe work environment.
  7. Describe disaster and fire evacuation plans used by various facilities and statewide alert codes.
  8. Demonstrate machine tool safety.
  9. Explain and implement machine guarding.

Technical & Integrated Academic Standards

Standard 2: Principles of Manufacturing and Production

Standard 2: Principles of Manufacturing and Production

Students will examine the manufacturing process, applying math, science, innovative technologies, and manufacturing standards to identify and design solutions to a variety of real problems.

MACWIC Level 1
Skills:
  1. Design a LEAN production plan needed to satisfy a project from start to finish.
  2. Demonstrate logic and reasoning in the planning process to Identify strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions, or approaches to problems.
  3. Develop testing protocols to drive decision-making and iterative design improvements.
  4. Compare the relative costs and benefits of potential production choices or actions and choose the most appropriate one.
  5. Examine ethical issues related to professional practice and product development.
  6. Describe the importance of a clean room and climate-controlled environments in the Manufacturing Industry.
  7. Demonstrate skills in problem solving.
  8. Determine and select appropriate material, size and quantity needed to complete specified product(s).
  9. Formulate an order of operations, proper tooling and workholding devices.
Standard 3: Fundamentals of Design and Blueprint Reading

Standard 3: Fundamentals of Design and Blueprint Reading

Students will be able to interpret and design detail drawings and blueprints to meet American National Standards Institute (ANSI) and International Organization for Standards (ISO) standards and demonstrate basic computer aided drafting and design (CAD) operations using current industry standard software.

MACWIC Level 1

NIMS Machining Level 1

Skills:
  1. Identify terms, abbreviations, symbols, and line types of technical drawings and blueprints.
  2. Convert blueprint measurements to scale.
  3. Design a basic work piece including mathematical annotation in the technical drawing.
  4. Demonstrate technical drawing and 3D solid modeling using CAD to create and analyze prototypes, record CAD data, and create output file.
  5. Create solid three-dimensional and three-dimensional assembly models including specifications.
  6. Assemble products according to detailed blueprints.
  7. Measure dimensions of completed products or workpieces to verify conformance to specifications.
  8. Read and interpret detail drawings to meet American National Standards Institute (ANSI) and International Organization for Standards (ISO) standards.
  9. Read and interpret assembly drawings.
  10. Design and sketch a basic work piece including mathematical annotation.
  11. Create part level design or drawing specifications.
  12. Create assembly level design and drawing specifications.
  13. Convert files to generic formats i.e. (.pdf, .dxf, .igs, .stp, .stl, etc.).
Standard 4: Quality Practices and Measurement

Standard 4: Quality Practices and Measurement

Students will demonstrate health and safety standard practices in a shop environment, including the management and maintenance of machines and tools, and use of personal protective equipment (PPE), and personal safety practices.

MACWIC Level 1

NIMS Machining Level 1

Skills:
  1. Quantify the precision and accuracy of measurements and of measuring tools.
  2. Measure a workpieces outside diameter, inside diameter, depth, and location and size of a feature with the precision instrument to a tolerance of at least +/- .001”.
  3. Measure workpiece with a precision caliper within a tolerance of +/- .005”.
  4. Calculate dimensions of workpieces, products, or equipment.
  5. Demonstrate use of Gage Blocks to assist with inspection of a workpiece.
  6. Apply material sciences and properties to determine their effect on machinability.
  7. Identify types of metals and advanced materials (carbon fiber, plastics, composites).
  8. Describe heat treatment processes: harden, temper, anneal, normalize, and case harden.
  9. Develop an inspection and sampling plan, conduct tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
  10. Monitor production data to identify when process changes/improvements are needed, apply Statistical Process Control (SPC).
  11. Determine metal or plastic production methods and equipment.
  12. Exchange information with team members, advise others on ways to improve processes or products.
  13. Measure work piece with a scale within a tolerance of +/- 1/64”.
  14. Measure radius on a work piece.
  15. Measure angle(s).
  16. Measure location and size of a feature to a tolerance of at least +/- .001”.
  17. Identify a thread and measure outside and pitch diameter to design specifications.
  18. Compare and/or measure surface finish quality of a part to print specification.
  19. Describe clean room and climate-controlled environments and their purpose in the Manufacturing Industry.
Standard 5: Machining Operations

Standard 5: Machining Operations

Students will demonstrate machining operations and common equipment processes needed to manufacture specified products, including power saws, precision grinding, lathe processes, milling processes, additive manufacturing processes, and electrical discharge machining (EDM).

MACWIC Level 1

NIMS Machining Level 1

Skills:
  1. Demonstrate different techniques to manufacture a hole in given material, (drill, countersink, tap, counter bore and machine) to the depth and diameter specified by blueprint and/or standard including specified tolerance.
  2. Identify the appropriate blade and speed to cut a given material.
  3. Explain the selection and process of finishing techniques.
  4. Demonstrate mounting a grinding wheel to perform grinding operations according to industry standards.
  5. Demonstrate precision grinding operations using the tools associated with the production of square and cylindrical finished products.
  6. Demonstrate the operations of offhand grinding for the completion of a product and sharpening of tools associated with the trade.
  7. Identify and set up work-holding devices for the lathe process including universal and independent chucks and collets.
  8. Demonstrate outside turning procedures, including facing, grooving, turning diameters to a shoulder, and tapering to a specified tolerance.
  9. Demonstrate knurling a piece to design specifications from a blueprint.
  10. Operate precision milling equipment to mill a variety of angles, a shoulder, slots, and pockets within a specified tolerance.
  11. Operate metal or plastic forming equipment.
  12. Describe the operation of keys and keyways and mill each to specifications.
  13. Identify the safest way to remove chips from a lathe or milling machine.
  14. Explain the process of manufacturing a design using additive manufacturing equipment.
  15. Compare and contrast EDM process with conventional machining.
  16. Drill a hole to the designated size and in the predetermined location.
  17. Countersink a hole to depth and diameter specified by blueprint and/or standard.
  18. Machine a hole to a specified tolerance of +/- .001”.
  19. Tap a hole to specified depth and thread size.
  20. Counter bore a hole to the specified diameter and depth according to the blueprint.
  21. Calculate speeds and feeds for given tooling and material.
  22. Cut material using power saws to specified length.
  23. Explain the selection and process of finishing techniques.
  24. Deburr work piece.
  25. Demonstrate mounting of a grinding wheel according to industry standards.
  26. Demonstrate precision grinding operations.
  27. Dress wheel, set tool rest and spark guard on pedestal grinder to proper height and clearance.
  28. Explain and demonstrate the grinding of tools for specific application and use.
  29. Operate precision turning equipment.
  30. Identify and setup work-holding devices including universal and independent chucks and collets.
  31. Demonstrate outside turning procedures, including facing, grooving, turning diameters to a shoulder, and tapering to a specified tolerance.
  32. Demonstrate inside turning procedures, including boring, grooving and
  33. tapering to a specified tolerance.
  34. Demonstrate single-point threading to a specified tolerance.
  35. Demonstrate cut-off techniques.
  36. Machine a form into the work piece.
  37. Knurl a piece to design specifications from blueprint.
  38. File and polish a work piece.
  39. Operate precision milling equipment
Standard 6: Controlling Operations of Equipment

Standard 6: Controlling Operations of Equipment

Students will demonstrate skills recommended by current industry to control operations of equipment and systems, including equipment setup for production, monitoring gauges, dials, and other indicators that machines are working properly, identifying equipment malfunctions and reporting such for required maintenance or repair.

MACWIC Level 1

NIMS Machining Level 1

Skills:
  1. Examine blueprints or other instructions to determine equipment setup requirements.
  2. Program equipment, enter commands, instructions, or specifications to perform production tasks, install mechanical components, and mount attachments or tools.
  3. Perform regular maintenance of equipment according to specifications, including lubrication, identification of worn components, and making simple repairs as needed.
  4. Demonstrate calculated adjustment to equipment controls to regulate flow of production materials or products.
  5. Determine causes of operating errors and decide what to do about it.
  6. Prepare fabric or other materials for processing or production.
  7. Identify appropriate person(s) for maintenance and repair of equipment.
  8. Review and state equipment indicators to ensure that equipment is operating according to manufacturer’s specifications.
  9. Demonstrate ability to maintain equipment.
  10. Report and maintain a written log for service and recommend process repair of equipment.
Standard 7: Computer Aided Manufacturing and CNC Programming

Standard 7: Computer Aided Manufacturing and CNC Programming

Students will demonstrate the use of industry standard software to design and apply machining processes, Computer Aided Manufacturing (CAM), and demonstrate the process of posting and receiving of programs to a CNC machine to complete a specified workpiece for production.

MACWIC Level 1

Skills:
  1. Construct a safe and effective part program by defining G and M codes and using conversational programming strategies.
  2. Operate CNC and conversational machines using Manual Data Input (MDI) and control panel operations, including simple programming, tool changes and spindle speeds.
  3. Demonstrate the operation of the control panel to set up, dry run, edit and execute programs using 4 axis and 5 axis milling and live tooling.
  4. Follow start-up and shut-down operations.
  5. Set up cutter compensation, datum point, tool length offsets, and tool geometry offset.
  6. Set up live tooling on a CNC mill/turn center and a workpiece on CNC milling 4th axis rotary table and 5 axis CNC milling machine.
  7. Set multi-axis offsets with a CNC lathe tool presetter.
  8. Demonstrate basic programming strategies at the machine control.
  9. Define G and M codes.
  10. Construct a safe and effective part program using G and M codes.
  11. Construct a safe and effective part program using conversational programming strategies.
  12. Transfer part program to and from a machine control.
  13. Use computer aided manufacturing (CAM) software to apply machining processes to design (e.g., speeds, feeds, cutter compensation, etc.).
  14. Post process program and transfer to and from CNC machine.
  15. Use Manual Data Input (MDI) and control panel operations including simple programming, tool changes and spindle speeds.
  16. Demonstrate sequential start-up and shut-down operations.
  17. Set up datum point, tool length offsets and tool geometry offsets.
  18. Set cutter compensation.
  19. Load programs, dry run, edit, and execute program.
  20. Set up live tooling on a CNC mill/turn center.
  21. Set part origin on a CNC milling machine using a probing system.
  22. Set tool length and diameter offsets on a CNC milling machine using a table mounted tool setter.
  23. Set multi-axis offsets with a CNC lathe tool presetter.
Standard 8: Robotics in the Manufacturing Process

Standard 8: Robotics in the Manufacturing Process

Students will be able to identify uses of robotics in the manufacturing process and examine how automated systems engineering is used to reduce human effort and time and increase accuracy in production.

MACWIC Level 1
Skills:
  1. Describe a Computer Integrated Manufacturing (CIM) system including individual components and safety protocols (i.e. cages, light curtains).
  2. Identify various grippers, including standard, servo, non-servo, vacuum, and magnetic (end effector).
  3. Define the following robot terms: degrees of freedom, position axes, orientation axes, work envelope, tool center point.
  4. Define and give an example of the following specifications for industrial robots: payload, repeatability, memory capacity, and environmental requirements.
  5. Describe open-loop and close-loop control systems.
  6. Describe a Computer Integrated Manufacturing (CIM) system utilizing appropriate safety precautions. (i.e cages, light curtains).
  7. Describe automated systems engineering introductory knowledge and skills.
  8. Define an automated system and a robot.
  9. Identify individual components used in CIM systems.
  10. Describe the working relationship between the CNC equipment and the robot.
  11. Describe and identify various grippers: standard, servo, non-servo, vacuum, and magnetic (end effector).
  12. Define the following robot terms: degrees of freedom, position axes, orientation axes, work envelope, tool center point.
  13. Define and give an example of the following specifications for industrial robots: payload, repeatability, memory capacity, and environmental requirements.
  14. Describe open-loop and close-loop control systems.

Employability Standards

Standard 9: Employability Skills

Standard 9: Employability Skills

Students will be able to demonstrate understanding of the roles of professional communication, critical thinking, problem solving, professionalism, teamwork, and collaboration to the field of work.

Skills:
  1. Identify complex problems, review related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions for such problems.
  2. Analyze implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
  3. Use effective methods of communication for internal and external stakeholders throughout the project planning and project management process.
  4. Evaluate communication skills used in hypothetical needs analysis session vis-a-vis a general understanding of the goals of a project.
  5. Troubleshoot a project plan to find mistargeted or extraneous work that do not contribute to the ultimate objectives of the project.
  6. Build a team-based project plan that includes recruiting teammates, assigning roles, and delegating tasks for a project.
  7. Examine the role of Advanced Manufacturing in society, particularly in terms of its significance for employability and career opportunities.

Entrepreneurship Standards

Standard 10: Entrepreneurship

Standard 10: Entrepreneurship

Students will be able to explain various career pathways in the field, describe opportunities for entrepreneurship and be able to evaluate the value proposition of business ownership in this field.

Skills:

  1. Name the possible career pathways in the manufacturing industry.
  2. Develop a business plan (including initial equipment and staffing needs, a marketing/business plan, and a basic revenue management strategy) for a startup manufacturing company.
  3. Describe the concept of professional networking and demonstrate personal introductions and an “elevator speech” in a professional setting.
  4. Evaluate the licensing, regulatory, and tax implications of business ownership in this field.

Digital Literacy Standards

Standard 11: Digital Literacy

Standard 11: Digital Literacy and Computer Science

Students will be able to understand the role computer science, digital literacy and social media play in society and this field.

Skills:
  1. Demonstrate safe practices and critical thinking when collaborating, researching, and utilizing online resources and platforms.
  2. Understand how to be a safe and ethical consumer and creator of digital content.
  3. Analyze the benefits, harmful effects, and overall impact of digital innovations on society.
  4. Apply strategies for using digital tools and technology to drive business and commerce.
  5. Discuss potential dangers and implications associated with cyberbullying, hacking, and privacy.